NUTRO™ Natural Pet Food Ingredients Glossary

Egg Product
Egg product is egg that is free of shells. Egg provides one of the highest-quality proteins in a highly digestible form. Eggs also provide a good source of antioxidants, such as lutein, the pigment that provides yellow color to the yolk.
Enriched Macaroni
Enriched macaroni is pasta that is a highly digestible source of energy made from unbleached flour, which is enriched with niacin and other vitamins/minerals. Niacin is a B vitamin that is essential for healthy skin.
Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide
Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide is a source of iodine. Iodine is needed for proper thyroid function, which regulates growth, development and metabolic rate.
Feeding Oatmeal
Feeding oatmeal is made from dehulled rolled oats and is an energy source.
Ferrous Sulfate
Ferrous Sulfate is a source of iron, a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
Fish
Fish is a source of high-quality protein (from flesh) and essential minerals, such as calcium (from bone). It is a rich source of highly digestible protein and unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 fatty acids), which support skin and coat health, immune health, cognitive function and joint health.
Fish Broth
Fish broth is made from cooking fish. The broth adds fish flavor that pets enjoy.
Fish Oil
Fish oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids that support skin and coat health, cognitive function and joint health.
Fish Meal
Fish meal is made from fish that is cooked to remove the water and fat. This process leaves a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein (from flesh) and essential minerals, such as calcium (from bone). It is a rich source of highly digestible protein and unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 fatty acids), which support skin and coat health, immune health, cognitive function and joint health.
Flax Seed Meal
Flax seed meal is ground whole seeds from the flax plant. Flaxseed is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic acid) for a healthy hair coat. It also provides a good source of fiber for digestive health.
Flaxseed
Flaxseed is whole seeds from the flax plant, which are ground. Flaxseed is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic acid) for a healthy hair coat. It also provides a good source of fiber for digestive health.
Folic Acid
Folic acid is a B vitamin that is involved in the development of tissues of the nervous system.
Food Starch
Food starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of grains.
Garlic Flavor
Garlic flavor adds to the tastiness of our products.
Garlic Spice
The garlic spice we use in our pet food adds to the flavor of the product.
Gelatin
Gelatin is a source of natural protein that adds structure to moist treats.
Glucosamine
Glucosamine helps maintain healthy joints and supports mobility.
Ground Rice
Ground, milled and polished rice grains. It excludes the bran, germ and hulls. It provides an excellent source of energy through highly digestible carbohydrates.
Ground Roasted Peanuts
Ground roasted peanuts are processed from USDA-grade peanuts that are roasted and then ground to a coarse particle size for visual appearance.
Ground Whole Wheat
Ground whole wheat is made from grinding wheat grain. It is a natural source of energy and fiber.
Guar Gum
Guar gum is made from guar beans, which are ground. Guar gum is used to thicken sauces and gravy.
Herring
Herring is a cold-water fish that is rich in EPA and DHA, which are omega-3 fatty acids that support healthy cognitive function.
Herring Meal
Herring meal is a concentrated source of protein from herring, which is a cold-water fish that is rich in the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA.
Inositol
Inositol is a vitamin-like substance that is a constituent of phospholipids and is involved in signal transduction.
Iron Oxide
Iron oxide is a source of iron. Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
Iron Proteinate
Iron proteinate is a source of iron, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
Iron Sulfate
Iron sulfate is a source of iron. Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
Lamb and Deboned Lamb
Lamb and deboned lamb are real lamb meat from which the bones have been removed. Lamb is an excellent source of protein that dogs enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Lamb Liver
Lamb liver is a high-quality source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Lamb Meal
Lamb meal is made from real lamb that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality, highly digestible protein for lean muscles. It also provides essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin B12 and selenium.
L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate
L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate is a source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals.
L-Carnitine
L-carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid, which plays a vital role in the metabolism of fat.
Lecithin
Lecithin is a naturally occurring phospholipid and is an excellent source of choline. Choline is a vitamin that works to build cell membranes.
Liver
Liver is a high-quality source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
L-Lysine
L-lysine is an essential amino acid needed for synthesis of proteins in the body.
L-Lysine Monohydrochloride
L-Lysine Monohydrochloride is a source of Lysine, which is an essential amino acid needed for synthesis of proteins in the body.
Macaroni
Macaroni is pasta that is a highly digestible source of energy made from unbleached flour.
Mackerel
Mackerel is an ocean fish that is an excellent protein source. Mackerel is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that support a strong immune system and cognitive function.
Manganese Oxide
Manganese oxide is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
Manganese Proteinate
Manganese proteinate is a source of manganese, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
Manganese Sulfate
Manganese sulfate is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
Manganous Oxide
Manganous oxide is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
Manganous Sulfate
Manganous sulfate is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
Marigold Extract
Marigold extract is a natural herbal extract that enhances the flavor of food.
Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex
Menadione sodium bisulfite complex is a source of vitamin K activity, which is required for many enzymes to function properly in the body.
Menhaden Fish Oil
Menhaden fish oil is a rich source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that support a strong immune system and cognitive function.
Minerals
Minerals are inorganic nutrients that animals need to stay healthy. Minerals are important in many body functions, including skeletal health, making hormones and heart function.
Mixed Tocopherols
Mixed tocopherols are sources of vitamin E, which is an antioxidant that helps protect cells in the body.
Molasses
Molasses is a natural sweetener that enhances flavor.
Monocalcium Phosphate
Monocalcium phosphate is a source of calcium and phosphorus. Calcium is used by the body in large amounts as it is required for many biological functions. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production. Calcium and phosphorus help promote strong teeth and bones.
Monosodium Phosphate
Monosodium phosphate is a source of sodium and phosphorus. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance with potassium in the body. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production.
Natural Apple Flavor
Natural apple flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe apples.
Natural Banana Flavor
Natural banana flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe bananas.
Natural Blueberry Flavor
Natural blueberry flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe blueberries.
Natural Carrot Cake Flavor
Natural carrot cake flavor includes flavors from oil of carrot seeds and spices to create a natural flavor with an aroma typical of carrot cake.
Natural Flavors
Natural flavors is a proprietary flavor system comprised of natural sources of flavors that pets enjoy.
Natural Pomegranate Flavor
Natural pomegranate flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe pomegranate arils.
Natural Smoke Flavor
Natural smoke flavor is added to provide a smoky flavor to our products.
Niacin
Niacin is a B vitamin that protects the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats to help limit skin dehydration.
Niacin Supplement
Niacin is a B vitamin that protects the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats to help limit skin dehydration.
Niacinamide
Niacinamide is a form of niacin. Niacin is a B vitamin that protects the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats to help limit skin dehydration.
Oat Bran
Oat bran is the outer, hard layer of the oat grain. Oat bran is rich in fiber and essential fatty acids.
Oat Fiber
Oat fiber is a more concentrated source of dietary fiber than oat bran. Oat fiber supports healthy digestion.
Oatmeal
Oatmeal is a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
Oats
Oats are a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
Parsley
Parsley is an herb that enhances the flavor of our products.
Pasta
Pasta is a highly digestible source of energy made from unbleached flour, which is enriched with niacin and other vitamins and minerals. Niacin is a B vitamin that is essential for healthy skin.
Pea Protein
Pea protein is a concentrated protein source. Pea protein is a novel protein source that might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
Peanut Butter
Peanut butter is processed from USDA-grade peanuts that are roasted and then ground to a very fine particle size.
Peanut Flour
Peanut flour is obtained from the grinding of roasted peanuts.
Peanut Oil (Preserved With Mixed Tocopherols)
Peanut oil is a custom blend of roasted peanut oil, natural peanut flavor and rosemary extract.
Peas
Peas are a vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals.
Peppers
Peppers are a vegetable that adds a flavor to our products.
Phosphoric Acid
Phosphoric acid is added to provide an optimal pH of the product.
Pomegranate
Pomegranate is a fruit high in vitamins and antioxidants.
Pork Broth
Pork broth is made from cooking pork. The broth adds pork flavor that pets enjoy.
Pork Plasma
Pork plasma is a protein source that helps maintain the texture of our products.
Potassium Carbonate
Potassium carbonate is a source of potassium, which is a mineral that is essential for the correct functioning of cells in the body. It is responsible for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body.
Potassium Chloride
Potassium chloride is a source of potassium, which is a mineral that is essential for the correct functioning of cells in the body. It is responsible for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body.
Potassium Iodide
Potassium iodide is a source of potassium and iodine. Potassium is a mineral that is essential for the correct functioning of cells in the body. Potassium is responsible for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body. Iodine is a component of thyroid hormone, which is important for growth, development and the regulation of metabolic rate.
Potassium Sorbate
Potassium sorbate is used as a mold inhibitor in moist treats.
Potatoes
Potatoes are a good source of energy and are rich in vitamins and minerals.
Potato Protein
Potato protein is a concentrated protein source. Potato protein is a novel protein source, which might reduce digestive upset in pets with sensitive stomachs.
Potato Starch
Potato starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of potatoes.
Poultry Fat
Poultry fat provides essential fatty acids, such as linoleic acid, for a healthy skin and coat. It also serves as a concentrated source of energy and flavor.
Powdered Cellulose
Powdered cellulose is a natural source of fiber that supports healthy digestion.
Psyllium Seed Husk
Psyllium seed husk is an excellent source of dietary fiber, which may promote passage of hair through the digestive tract.
Pumpkin Puree
Pumpkin puree is prepared from the ripe and golden-fleshed sweet varieties of pumpkin. Pumpkin is nutrient-rich and a source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride
Pryidoxine hydrochloride is a source of pyridoxine, also known as vitamin B6, a B vitamin that has many roles in metabolism.
Red Peppers
Red peppers are a vegetable that adds a flavor to our products.
Riboflavin
Riboflavin, also known as Vitamin B2, is a B vitamin that contributes to skin and coat health.
Riboflavin Supplement
Riboflavin supplement is a source of riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2. Riboflavin is a B vitamin that contributes to skin and coat health.
Rice
Rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
Rice Bran
Rice bran is the combination of the bran layer and the germ of rice. Rice bran provides many different nutrients, including dietary fiber for digestive health and antioxidants to support the immune system.
Rice Flour
Rice flour is finely ground meal from the milling of rice, which consists primarily of the starch and gluten fractions. Rice flour provides an excellent source of highly digestible carbohydrates for quick energy.
Rice Gluten
Rice gluten is a protein and carbohydrate source that is made from removing most of the starch from the grain.
Rice Protein
Rice protein is a protein source made from rice. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Rice Protein Concentrate
Rice protein concentrate is a concentrated protein source made from rice. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Rosemary and Rosemary Extract
Rosemary is a natural herb that enhances the flavor of foods.
Salmon
Salmon is an ocean fish that is an excellent protein source. Salmon is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that support a strong immune system and cognitive function.
Salmon Meal
Salmon meal is made from real salmon that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of protein and natural antioxidants. It also is a great source of long-chained omega-3 fatty acids, such as DHA and EPA, which are important for cognitive function and joint health.
Salmon Protein Concentrate
Salmon protein concentrate is a concentrated protein source made from salmon. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Salt (Sodium Chloride)
Salt is a combination of the two minerals sodium and chloride. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning of cells and maintains the acid base balance in the body with potassium. Chloride has a role in maintaining the fluid balance in the body and helps maintain acid base balance.
Selenium
Selenium is an essential mineral that is needed in small amounts. Selenium plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage and supports the immune response.
Selenium Yeast
Selenium yeast is a natural source of selenium provided by yeast cells. Selenium is an essential mineral that is needed in small amounts. Selenium plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage and supports the immune response.
Shrimp
Shrimp is a high-quality protein source and it adds flavor that pets enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate
Sodium acid pyrophosphate is an acid source that is added to leaven baked goods. This helps our biscuit dough rise and provides the crunchy texture that dogs enjoy, which helps clean teeth.
Sodium Alginate
Sodium alginate is added to thicken our sauces and gravies.
Sodium Ascorbate
Sodium ascorbate is a source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body.
Sodium Bicarbonate
Sodium bicarbonate is a source of sodium. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid base balance in the body with potassium.
Sodium Carbonate
Sodium carbonate is a source of sodium. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid base balance in the body with potassium.
Sodium Metabisulfite
Sodium metabisulfate is added to condition biscuit dough to provide texture.
Sodium Phosphate
Sodium phosphate is a source of sodium and phosphorus. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance in the body with potassium. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production.
Sodium Selenite
Sodium Selenite is a source of sodium and selenium. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance in the body with potassium. Selenium plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage caused by free radicals and a supportive role in immune response.
Sodium Tripolyphosphate
Sodium tripolyphosphate is a source of sodium and phosphorus. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance in the body with potassium. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production.
Soy Grits
Soy grits are a natural source of protein and carbohydrates made from soybeans. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system. Carbohydrates provide a source of readily available energy.
Soy Protein Concentrate
Soy protein concentrate is a concentrated protein source made from soy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Soybean Oil
Soybean oil is oil that is pressed from soybeans. Soybean oil provides a source of both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids to support many health systems, including skin and coat, joint and cognitive.
Spearmint Extract
Spearmint extract is a natural herbal extract that enhances the flavor of foods.
Split Peas
Split peas are the dried, peeled and split seeds of pisum sativum. They are a good source of highly digestible protein and carbohydrates and a natural source of fiber.
Starch
Starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of grains and vegetables.
Sugar
The trace amount of sugar contained in NUTRO™ Crunchy Treats With Real Banana comes from the dried bananas. Sugar is added during the process of drying bananas to provide a crisp texture.
Sunflower Oil
Sunflower oil is oil that is pressed from sunflower seeds. It is a good source of the omega-6 fatty acid, linoleic acid, which is a key nutritional driver for hair coat softness and shine.
Sweet Potatoes
Sweet potatoes are a natural energy source rich in vitamins and minerals.
Taurine
Taurine is an essential amino acid for cats. Taurine provides added health benefits for dogs as a natural antioxidant and for healthy eyesight, heart health and hearing.
Tetrapotassium Pyrophosphate
Tetrapotassium pyrophosphate is added to condition biscuit dough to provide a texture that helps clean teeth.
Thiamine Mononitrate
Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is a B vitamin that is involved in many complex biochemical reactions that help generate energy for cells.
Thyme
Thyme is an herb that enhances the flavor of our products.
Tomato
Tomato is a vegetable packed with vitamin C and antioxidants. Tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
Tomato Flakes
Tomato flakes are a dehydrated form of tomatoes. Packed with vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
Tomato Paste
Tomato paste is a concentrated form of tomatoes. Packed with vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
Tomato Pomace
Tomato pomace is a dried mixture of tomatoes. Packed with vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
Tricalcium Phosphate
Tricalcium phosphate is a source of calcium and phosphorus. Both are essential nutrients that are required for healthy bones and teeth. Tricalcium phosphate is added to aid in emulsifying canned products.
Tuna
Tuna is an ocean fish that is an excellent source of protein and is a flavor that pets enjoy. Tuna is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that help support healthy skin and coat.
Tuna Meal
Tuna meal is made from real tuna that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of protein and natural antioxidants. Tuna is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that help support healthy skin and coat.
Turkey
Turkey is an excellent source of protein that adds flavor that pets enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Turkey Broth
Turkey broth is made from cooking turkey. The broth adds turkey flavor that pets enjoy.
Turkey Meal
Turkey meal is made from whole turkey that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein and minerals, such as calcium. It also provides a natural source of glucosamine and chondroitin. It excludes turkey heads, feet and intestines.
Turkey Liver
Turkey liver is an excellent source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Veal
Veal is a high-quality source of protein that adds flavor to the diet. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Venison
Venison is a novel, high-quality protein source. Venison might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
Venison Meal
Venison meal is made from real venison that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality, highly digestible protein for lean muscles. Venison is a novel, high-quality protein source. Venison might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
Vitamin A Acetate
Vitamin A acetate is a source of vitamin A, which is required for healthy vision.
Vitamin A Supplement
Vitamin A supplement is a source of vitamin A, which is required for healthy vision.
Vitamin B12 Supplement
Vitamin B12 supplement is a source of vitamin B12 activity, also known as cobalamin. It plays a role in the synthesis of protein in the body and the production of red blood cells.
Vitamin D3 Supplement
Vitamin D3 supplement is a source of vitamin D3 activity. It plays a role in optimizing calcium incorporation into bone and reduces calcium and phosphorus loss in urine.
Vitamin E Supplement
Vitamin E supplement is a source of vitamin E activity, which is an important antioxidant that protects cells from free radicals.
Vitamins
Vitamins are organic nutrients that are vital to pets in small amounts. Many vitamins help in the metabolic processes of the body and some act as antioxidants.
Water
Water is the most important nutrient for life. Water is needed for all functions of the body, and it must be consumed every day.
Wheat Flour
Wheat flour is finely ground meal from the milling of wheat. It consists primarily of the starch and gluten fractions. These provide an excellent source of highly digestible carbohydrates for quick energy.
Wheat Gluten
Wheat gluten is a protein and carbohydrate source that is made from removing most of the starch from the grain.
Wheat Starch
Wheat starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of wheat grain.
White Fish
White fish is an excellent protein source and adds flavor that pets enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Whole Brown Rice
Whole brown rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Brown rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
Whole Grain Oatmeal
Whole grain oatmeal is a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
Whole Grain Rolled Oats
Whole grain rolled oats is a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
Whole Rice
Whole rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
Whole Wheat
Whole wheat is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Whole wheat provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
Xanthan Gum
Xanthan gum is added to thicken our sauces and gravies.
Yeast Culture
Yeast culture is an excellent source of protein and adds flavor to our products. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
Yucca Schidigera Extract
Yucca Schidigera Extract adds flavor to our products and aids in reducing stool odor.
Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide is a source of zinc, which is a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health and wound healing.
Zinc Proteinate
Zinc proteinate is a source of zinc, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Zinc is a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health and wound healing.
Zinc Sulfate
Zinc is a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health and wound healing.