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PET FOOD INGREDIENT & NUTRIENT GLOSSARY

As proud pet parents, you care about what goes into your pet's food. That's why we've provided a glossary with our ingredients and nutrients. So, you can know exactly what goes into our natural pet food.
  • Ascorbic Acid: Ascorbic acid is a source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals.
  • Alfalfa Meal: Alfalfa meal is a natural legume that’s rich in antioxidants and fiber. It is dried and finely ground.
  • Alpha-linolenic acid: Alpha-linolenic acid is an omega-3 fatty acid, which improves skin and coat condition and acts as an anti-inflammatory agent.
  • Banana Puree: Banana puree is made from fresh Cavendish bananas that are ripened to full flavor, peeled, mashed, homogenized and then thermally processed. There are no preservatives or sugar added.
  • Barley Malt: Barley malt is barley grain that has been through the malting process of soaking in water and kiln drying. Barley malt enhances the flavor.
  • Basil: Basil is a natural herb that has been shown to have antioxidant properties in the oil of the plant. This herb enhances the flavor of foods.
  • Beef: Beef is a source of protein and adds flavor to a diet. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Beef Broth: Beef broth is made from cooking beef. The broth adds beef flavor that pets enjoy.
  • Beef Liver: Beef liver is a high-quality source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Beef Meal: Beef meal is made from beef that is cooked to remove water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein (from meat) and minerals, such as calcium (from bone). Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system. Calcium helps promote strong teeth and bones.
  • Beta-Carotene: Beta-carotene is a member of the carotenoids family, which is found in highly pigmented plants and vegetables, such as carrots and pumpkins. Beta-carotene is converted in dogs to vitamin A, which is required for healthy vision.
  • Biological Value: Biological Value (BV) measures the amount of protein that is absorbed by the pet that is incorporated into the proteins of the body.
  • Biotin: Biotin is one of the B vitamins. It is one of the most important vitamins for a shiny coat and healthy skin. Biotin also is directly involved in the healthy functioning of the nervous system.
  • Brewers Dried Yeast: Brewers dried yeast is a protein source that adds additional flavor. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Brewers Rice: Brewers rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain that has been milled, which improves its digestibility. Brewers rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Brown Rice: Brown rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Brown rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Brown Rice Flour: Brown rice flour is finely ground whole brown rice, which is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Brown rice flour provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Calcium Carbonate: Calcium carbonate is a natural source of calcium. Calcium is used by the body in large amounts as it is required for many biological functions. Calcium helps promote strong teeth and bones.
  • Calcium Iodate: Calcium iodate is a source of calcium and iodine. Both are essential nutrients. Calcium is needed for strong bones and teeth. Iodine is needed for proper thyroid function, which regulates growth, development and metabolic rate.
  • Calcium Pantothenate: Calcium pantothenate is a source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is involved in almost every metabolic process in the body.
  • Caramel Color: Caramel color is the dark brown material resulting from the carefully controlled heat treatment of food-grade carbohydrates. Caramel color enhances the flavor of our food and it is a taste that dogs enjoy.
  • Carob Bean Gum: Carob bean gum is made from carob beans, which are ground. Carob bean gum is a natural thickener for sauces and gravy.
  • Carrageenan: Carrageenan is a seaweed extract used to thicken and modify the texture of foods. It is used in pet foods and in human foods such as ice cream.
  • Carrots: This includes whole carrots and pieces obtained from the processing of carrots for human consumption. A source of carbohydrates and fiber that is rich in beta-carotene.
  • Catfish: Catfish is an excellent protein source and adds flavor that pets enjoy. Catfish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which help support healthy skin and coats.
  • Celery: Celery is a vegetable that adds fiber to the diet.
  • Celery Seed: Celery seed is from the celery plant, and it enhances the flavor of foods.
  • Chicken: Chicken is a source of high-quality protein and adds flavor to a diet. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Chicken Broth: Chicken broth is made from cooking chicken. The broth adds chicken flavor that pets enjoy.
  • Chicken Cartilage: Chicken cartilage is dried and milled into a powder. It contains protein and is a natural source of glucosamine and chondroitin.
  • Chicken Fat: Provides essential fatty acids, such as linoleic acid, for skin and coat health. It also serves as a concentrated source of energy and flavor.
  • Chicken Giblets: Chicken giblets include the heart, liver and gizzard, which are excellent sources of protein. They are similar to the giblets that are used to make gravy for humans. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Chicken Liver: Chicken liver is an excellent source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Chicken Meal: Chicken meal is made from whole chicken that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein (from flesh) and essential minerals, such as calcium (from bone). It also provides a natural source of glucosamine and chondroitin (from cartilage). It does not contain chicken heads, feet and intestines.
  • Chicory Pulp: Chicory pulp is a source of fiber that helps support healthy digestion.
  • Choline Chloride: Choline chloride is a source of choline, a vitamin that works to build cell membranes.
  • Chondroitin: Chondroitin helps maintain healthy joints and supports mobility.
  • Cinnamon: Cinnamon is a spice from the bark of cinnamon trees. Cinnamon enhances the flavor of fruits, especially apples. Cinnamon provides flavor and aroma to our treats. Scientific research has shown that it acts as an antioxidant.
  • Coconut Meal: Coconut meal is a source of fiber that helps support healthy digestion.
  • Coconut Oil: Coconut oil comes from the process to produce dried banana pieces. The bananas are sliced/washed, and sugar is added prior to frying in coconut oil to provide crisp texture.
  • Cod: Cod is an ocean fish that is an excellent protein source and adds flavor that pets enjoy. Cod is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which help support healthy skin and coat.
  • Copper Proteinate: Copper proteinate is a source of copper, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Copper is a mineral that has many roles, including reducing cellular damage caused by free radicals, synthesis of hemoglobin and the synthesis of collagen.
  • Copper Sulfate: Copper sulfate is a source of copper, which is a mineral that has many roles, including reducing cellular damage caused by free radicals, synthesis of hemoglobin and the synthesis of collagen.
  • Corn Gluten Meal: Corn gluten meal is an excellent source of protein that is highly digestible. It is a source of sulfur amino acids, which are important for skin and coat health. It also is a good source of antioxidants, such as lutein.
  • Cranberry Pomace: This delicious, natural source of vitamin C helps keep your pet's immune system strong.
  • d-Calcium Pantothenate: d-Calcium pantothenate is a source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is involved in almost every metabolic process in the body.
  • Decaffeinated Green Tea Extract: Decaffeinated green tea extract is a natural herbal extract from green tea leaves from which the caffeine has been removed. It enhances the flavor of foods.
  • Dehydrated Alfalfa Meal: Dehydrated alfalfa meal is a natural legume that’s rich in antioxidants and fiber. It is dried and finely ground.
  • Dicalcium Phosphate: Dicalcium phosphate is a source of calcium and phosphorus. Both are essential nutrients that are required for healthy bones and teeth.
  • DL-Methionine: DL-Methionine is an essential amino acid that helps maintain urinary tract health.
  • Dried Apples: Dried apples are a carbohydrate source that adds flavor.
  • Dried Banana: Dried banana is made from banana slices that are infused with sugar to provide a crisp texture.
  • Dried Blueberries: This popular berry is packed with antioxidants to help maintain a strong immune system, a healthy heart and sharp mind.
  • Dried Carrots: Dried carrots are rich in carotenoids, which have antioxidant properties and support a strong immune system.
  • Dried Cherries: Dried cherries are rich in vitamin C, which acts as a natural antioxidant to support a strong immune system.
  • Dried Chicory Pulp: Chicory pulp is a source of fiber that helps support healthy digestion.
  • Dried Chicory Root: Chicory root is a source of fiber that helps support healthy digestion.
  • Dried Cranberries: This delicious, natural source of vitamin C helps keep your pet's immune system strong.
  • Dried Egg Product: Dried egg product is dried egg that is free of shells. Egg provides one of the highest-quality proteins in a highly digestible form. Eggs also provide a good source of antioxidants, such as lutein, the pigment that provides yellow color to the yolk.
  • Dried Kelp and Dried Kelp Meal: Kelp is an ocean plant that is rich in iodine. Iodine is needed for proper thyroid function, which regulates growth, development and metabolic rate.
  • Dried Pea: Dried pea is a good source of energy and is rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Dried Plain Beet Fiber: Dried plain beet fiber is a source of natural fiber from sugar beets that have had the sugar removed. Beet pulp aids in healthy digestion and promotes good stool quality.
  • Dried Plain Beet Pulp: Dried plain beet pulp is a source of natural fiber from sugar beets that have had the sugar removed. Beet pulp aids in healthy digestion and promotes good stool quality.
  • Dried Potato: Potatoes are a good source of energy and are rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Dried Vegetable Fiber: Dried vegetable fiber is a source of natural fiber from vegetables that have had the starch and water removed. Vegetable fiber aids in healthy digestion and promotes good stool quality.
  • Dried Vegetable Pomace (Carrot, Celery, Beet, Parsley, Lettuce, Watercress, Spinach): Dried vegetable pomace is a mixture of dried vegetables that supplies natural sources of vitamins and fiber for healthy digestion.
  • Dried Whey: Dried whey is a dairy product, which is a source of protein, fat and lactose (milk sugar). Whey protein has a high biological value.
  • Dried Yeast: Dried yeast is an excellent source of protein and adds flavor to our products. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Duck: Duck is a novel source of protein, which might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
  • Duck Liver: Duck liver is a high-quality source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Duck Meal: Duck meal is made from whole duck that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein and minerals, such as calcium. It excludes duck heads, feet and intestines. As a novel source of protein, duck meal also might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
  • Egg Product: Egg product is egg that is free of shells. Egg provides one of the highest-quality proteins in a highly digestible form. Eggs also provide a good source of antioxidants, such as lutein, the pigment that provides yellow color to the yolk.
  • Enriched Macaroni: Enriched macaroni is pasta that is a highly digestible source of energy made from unbleached flour, which is enriched with niacin and other vitamins/minerals. Niacin is a B vitamin that is essential for healthy skin.
  • Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide: Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide is a source of iodine. Iodine is needed for proper thyroid function, which regulates growth, development and metabolic rate.
  • Feeding Oatmeal: Feeding oatmeal is made from dehulled rolled oats and is an energy source.
  • Ferrous Sulfate: Ferrous Sulfate is a source of iron, a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
  • Fish: Fish is a source of high-quality protein (from flesh) and essential minerals, such as calcium (from bone). It is a rich source of highly digestible protein and unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 fatty acids), which support skin and coat health, immune health, cognitive function and joint health.
  • Fish Broth: Fish broth is made from cooking fish. The broth adds fish flavor that pets enjoy.
  • Fish Oil: Fish oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids that support skin and coat health, cognitive function and joint health.
  • Fish Meal: Fish meal is made from fish that is cooked to remove the water and fat. This process leaves a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein (from flesh) and essential minerals, such as calcium (from bone). It is a rich source of highly digestible protein and unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 fatty acids), which support skin and coat health, immune health, cognitive function and joint health.
  • Flax Seed Meal: Flax seed meal is ground whole seeds from the flax plant. Flaxseed is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic acid) for a healthy hair coat. It also provides a good source of fiber for digestive health.
  • Flaxseed: Flaxseed is whole seeds from the flax plant, which are ground. Flaxseed is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic acid) for a healthy hair coat. It also provides a good source of fiber for digestive health.
  • Folic Acid: Folic acid is a B vitamin that is involved in the development of tissues of the nervous system.
  • Food Starch: Food starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of grains.
  • Garlic Flavor: Garlic flavor adds to the tastiness of our products.
  • Garlic Spice: The garlic spice we use in our pet food adds to the flavor of the product.
  • Gelatin: Gelatin is a source of natural protein that adds structure to moist treats.
  • Glucosamine: Glucosamine helps maintain healthy joints and supports mobility.
  • Ground Rice: Ground, milled and polished rice grains. It excludes the bran, germ and hulls. It provides an excellent source of energy through highly digestible carbohydrates.
  • Ground Roasted Peanuts: Ground roasted peanuts are processed from USDA-grade peanuts that are roasted and then ground to a coarse particle size for visual appearance.
  • Ground Whole Wheat: Ground whole wheat is made from grinding wheat grain. It is a natural source of energy and fiber.
  • Guar Gum: Guar gum is made from guar beans, which are ground. Guar gum is used to thicken sauces and gravy.
  • Herring: Herring is a cold-water fish that is rich in EPA and DHA, which are omega-3 fatty acids that support healthy cognitive function.
  • Herring Meal: Herring meal is a concentrated source of protein from herring, which is a cold-water fish that is rich in the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA.
  • Inositol: Inositol is a vitamin-like substance that is a constituent of phospholipids and is involved in signal transduction.
  • Iron Oxide: Iron oxide is a source of iron. Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
  • Iron Proteinate: Iron proteinate is a source of iron, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
  • Iron Sulfate: Iron sulfate is a source of iron. Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen.
  • Lamb and Deboned Lamb: Lamb and deboned lamb are real lamb meat from which the bones have been removed. Lamb is an excellent source of protein that dogs enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Lamb Liver: Lamb liver is a high-quality source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Lamb Meal: Lamb meal is made from real lamb that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality, highly-digestible protein for lean muscles. It also provides essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin B12 and selenium.
  • L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate: L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate is a source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals.
  • L-Carnitine: L-carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid, which plays a vital role in the metabolism of fat.
  • Lecithin: Lecithin is a naturally occurring phospholipid and is an excellent source of choline. Choline is a vitamin that works to build cell membranes.
  • Liver: Liver is a high-quality source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • L-Lysine: L-lysine is an essential amino acid needed for synthesis of proteins in the body.
  • L-Lysine Monohydrochloride: L-Lysine Monohydrochloride is a source of Lysine, which is an essential amino acid needed for synthesis of proteins in the body.
  • Macaroni: Macaroni is pasta that is a highly digestible source of energy made from unbleached flour.
  • Mackerel: Mackerel is an ocean fish that is an excellent protein source. Mackerel is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that support a strong immune system and cognitive function.
  • Manganese Oxide: Manganese oxide is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
  • Manganese Proteinate: Manganese proteinate is a source of manganese, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
  • Manganese Sulfate: Manganese sulfate is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
  • Manganous Oxide: Manganese oxide is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
  • Manganous Sulfate: Manganous sulfate is a source of manganese. Manganese is a mineral that has a vital role in the proper function of cells within the body. It is necessary for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function.
  • Marigold Extract: Marigold extract is a natural herbal extract that enhances the flavor of food.
  • Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex: Menadione sodium bisulfite complex is a source of vitamin K activity, which is required for many enzymes to function properly in the body.
  • Menhaden Fish Oil: Menhaden fish oil is a rich source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that support a strong immune system and cognitive function.
  • Minerals: Minerals are inorganic nutrients that animals need to stay healthy. Minerals are important in many body functions, including skeletal health, making hormones and heart function.
  • Mixed Tocopherols: Mixed tocopherols are sources of vitamin E, which is an antioxidant that helps protect cells in the body.
  • Molasses: Molasses is a natural sweetener that enhances flavor.
  • Monocalcium Phosphate: Monocalcium phosphate is a source of calcium and phosphorus. Calcium is used by the body in large amounts as it is required for many biological functions. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production. Calcium and phosphorus help promote strong teeth and bones.
  • Monosodium Phosphate: Monosodium phosphate is a source of sodium and phosphorus. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance with potassium in the body. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production.
  • Natural Apple Flavor: Natural apple flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe apples.
  • Natural Banana Flavor: Natural banana flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe bananas.
  • Natural Blueberry Flavor: Natural blueberry flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe blueberries.
  • Natural Carrot Cake Flavor: Natural carrot cake flavor includes flavors from oil of carrot seeds and spices to create a natural flavor with an aroma typical of carrot cake.
  • Natural Flavors: A proprietary flavor system comprising natural sources of flavors that pets enjoy.
  • Natural Pomegranate Flavor: Natural pomegranate flavor is a natural flavor with an aroma typical of ripe pomegranate arils.
  • Natural Smoke Flavor: Natural smoke flavor is added to provide a smoky flavor to our products.
  • Niacin: Niacin is a B vitamin that protects the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats to help limit skin dehydration.
  • Niacin Supplement: Niacin is a B vitamin that protects the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats to help limit skin dehydration.
  • Niacinamide: Niacinamide is a form of niacin. Niacin is a B vitamin that protects the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats to help limit skin dehydration.
  • Oat Bran: Oat bran is the outer, hard layer of the oat grain. Oat bran is rich in fiber and essential fatty acids.
  • Oat Fiber: Oat fiber is a more concentrated source of dietary fiber than oat bran. Oat fiber supports healthy digestion.
  • Oatmeal: Oatmeal is a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
  • Oats: Oats are a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
  • Parsley: Parsley is an herb that enhances the flavor of our products.
  • Pasta: Pasta is a highly digestible source of energy made from unbleached flour, which is enriched with niacin and other vitamins and minerals. Niacin is a B vitamin that is essential for healthy skin.
  • Pea Protein: Pea protein is a concentrated protein source. Pea protein is a novel protein source that might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
  • Peanut Butter: Peanut butter is processed from USDA-grade peanuts that are roasted and then ground to a very fine particle size.
  • Peanut Flour: Peanut flour is obtained from the grinding of roasted peanuts.
  • Peanut Oil (Preserved With Mixed Tocopherols): Peanut oil is a custom blend of roasted peanut oil, natural peanut flavor and rosemary extract.
  • Peas: Peas are a vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Peppers: Peppers are a vegetable that adds a flavor to our products.
  • Phosphoric Acid: Phosphoric acid is added to provide an optimal pH of the product.
  • Pomegranate: Pomegranate is a fruit high in vitamins and antioxidants.
  • Pork Broth: Pork broth is made from cooking pork. The broth adds pork flavor that pets enjoy.
  • Pork Plasma: Pork plasma is a protein source that helps maintain the texture of our products.
  • Potassium Carbonate: Potassium carbonate is a source of potassium, which is a mineral that is essential for the correct functioning of cells in the body. It is responsible for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body.
  • Potassium Chloride: Potassium chloride is a source of potassium, which is a mineral that is essential for the correct functioning of cells in the body. It is responsible for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body.
  • Potassium Iodide: Potassium iodide is a source of potassium and iodine. Potassium is a mineral that is essential for the correct functioning of cells in the body. Potassium is responsible for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body. Iodine is a component of thyroid hormone, which is important for growth, development and the regulation of metabolic rate.
  • Potassium Sorbate: Potassium sorbate is used as a mold inhibitor in moist treats.
  • Potatoes: Potatoes are a good source of energy and are rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Potato Protein: Potato protein is a concentrated protein source. Potato protein is a novel protein source, which might reduce digestive upset in pets with sensitive stomachs.
  • Potatoes: Potatoes are a good source of energy and are rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Potato Starch: Potato starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of potatoes.
  • Potatoes and Dried Potato: Potatoes are a good source of energy and are rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Poultry Fat: Poultry fat provides essential fatty acids, such as linoleic acid, for a healthy skin and coat. It also serves as a concentrated source of energy and flavor.
  • Powdered Cellulose: Powdered cellulose is a natural source of fiber that supports healthy digestion.
  • Psyllium Seed Husk: Psyllium seed husk is an excellent source of dietary fiber, which may promote passage of hair through the digestive tract.
  • Pumpkin Puree: Pumpkin puree is prepared from the ripe and golden-fleshed sweet varieties of pumpkin. Pumpkin is nutrient-rich and a source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
  • Pyridoxine Hydrochloride: Pryidoxine hydrochloride is a source of pyridoxine, also known as vitamin B6, a B vitamin that has many roles in metabolism.
  • Red Peppers: Red peppers are a vegetable that adds a flavor to our products.
  • Riboflavin: Riboflavin, also known as Vitamin B2, is a B vitamin that contributes to skin and coat health.
  • Riboflavin Supplement: Riboflavin supplement is a source of riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2. Riboflavin is a B vitamin that contributes to skin and coat health.
  • Rice: Rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Rice Bran: Rice bran is the combination of the bran layer and the germ of rice. Rice bran provides many different nutrients, including dietary fiber for digestive health and antioxidants to support the immune system.
  • Rice Flour: Rice flour is finely-ground meal from the milling of rice, which consists primarily of the starch and gluten fractions. Rice flour provides an excellent source of highly digestible carbohydrates for quick energy.
  • Rice Gluten: Rice gluten is a protein and carbohydrate source that is made from removing most of the starch from the grain.
  • Rice Protein: Rice protein is a protein source made from rice. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Rice Protein Concentrate: Rice protein concentrate is a concentrated protein source made from rice. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Rosemary and Rosemary Extract: Rosemary is a natural herb that enhances the flavor of foods.
  • Salmon: Salmon is an ocean fish that is an excellent protein source. Salmon is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that support a strong immune system and cognitive function.
  • Salmon Meal: Salmon meal is made from real salmon that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly-concentrated source of protein and natural antioxidants. It also is a great source of long-chained omega-3 fatty acids, such as DHA and EPA, which are important for cognitive function and joint health.
  • Salmon Protein Concentrate: Salmon protein concentrate is a concentrated protein source made from salmon. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Salt (Sodium Chloride): Salt is a combination of the two minerals sodium and chloride. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning of cells and maintains the acid base balance in the body with potassium. Chloride has a role in maintaining the fluid balance in the body and helps maintain acid base balance.
  • Selenium: Selenium is an essential mineral that is needed in small amounts. Selenium plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage and supports the immune response.
  • Selenium Yeast: Selenium yeast is a natural source of selenium provided by yeast cells. Selenium is an essential mineral that is needed in small amounts. Selenium plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage and supports the immune response.
  • Shrimp: Shrimp is a high-quality protein source and it adds flavor that pets enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate: Sodium acid pyrophosphate is an acid source that is added to leaven baked goods. This helps our biscuit dough rise and provides the crunchy texture that dogs enjoy, which helps clean teeth.
  • Sodium Alginate: Sodium alginate is added to thicken our sauces and gravies.
  • Sodium Ascorbate: Sodium ascorbate is a source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body.
  • Sodium Bicarbonate: Sodium bicarbonate is a source of sodium. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid base balance in the body with potassium.
  • Sodium Carbonate: Sodium carbonate is a source of sodium. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid base balance in the body with potassium.
  • Sodium Metabisulfite: Sodium metabisulfate is added to condition biscuit dough to provide texture.
  • Sodium Phosphate: Sodium phosphate is a source of sodium and phosphorus. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance in the body with potassium. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production.
  • Sodium Selenite: Sodium Selenite is a source of sodium and selenium. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance in the body with potassium. Selenium plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage caused by free radicals and a supportive role in immune response.
  • Sodium Tripolyphosphate: Sodium tripolyphosphate is a source of sodium and phosphorus. Sodium is essential for healthy functioning cells and maintains acid-base balance in the body with potassium. Phosphorus is needed by the body for energy production.
  • Soy Grits: Soy grits are a natural source of protein and carbohydrates made from soybeans. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system. Carbohydrates provide a source of readily available energy.
  • Soy Protein Concentrate: Soy protein concentrate is a concentrated protein source made from soy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Soybean Oil: Soybean oil is oil that is pressed from soybeans. Soybean oil provides a source of both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids to support many health systems, including skin and coat, joint and cognitive.
  • Spearmint Extract: Spearmint extract is a natural herbal extract that enhances the flavor of foods.
  • Split Peas: Split peas are the dried, peeled and split seeds of pisum sativum. They are a good source of highly digestible protein and carbohydrates and a natural source of fiber.
  • Starch: Starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of grains and vegetables.
  • Sugar: The trace amount of sugar contained in NUTRO® Crunchy Treats With Real Banana comes from the dried bananas. Sugar is added during the process of drying bananas to provide a crisp texture.
  • Sunflower Oil: Sunflower oil is oil that is pressed from sunflower seeds. It is a good source of the omega-6 fatty acid, linoleic acid, which is a key nutritional driver for hair coat softness and shine.
  • Sweet Potatoes: Sweet potatoes are a natural energy source rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • Taurine: Taurine is an essential amino acid for cats. Taurine provides added health benefits for dogs as a natural antioxidant and for healthy eyesight, heart health and hearing.
  • Tetrapotassium Pyrophosphate: Tetrapotassium pyrophosphate is added to condition biscuit dough to provide a texture that helps clean teeth.
  • Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is a B vitamin that is involved in many complex biochemical reactions that help generate energy for cells.
  • Thyme: Thyme is an herb that enhances the flavor of our products.
  • Tomato: Tomato is a vegetable packed with vitamin C and antioxidants. Tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
  • Tomato Flakes: Tomato flakes are a dehydrated form of tomatoes. Packed with vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
  • Tomato Paste: Tomato paste is a concentrated form of tomatoes. Packed with vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
  • Tomato Pomace: Tomato pomace is a dried mixture of tomatoes. Packed with vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes help support a strong immune system and a healthy heart.
  • Tricalcium Phosphate: Tricalcium phosphate is a source of calcium and phosphorus. Both are essential nutrients that are required for healthy bones and teeth. Tricalcium phosphate is added to aid in emulsifying canned products.
  • Tuna: Tuna is an ocean fish that is an excellent source of protein and is a flavor that pets enjoy. Tuna is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that help support healthy skin and coat.
  • Tuna Meal: Tuna meal is made from real tuna that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of protein and natural antioxidants. Tuna is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that help support healthy skin and coat.
  • Turkey: Turkey is an excellent source of protein that adds flavor that pets enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Turkey Broth: Turkey broth is made from cooking turkey. The broth adds turkey flavor that pets enjoy.
  • Turkey Meal: Turkey meal is made from whole turkey that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality protein and minerals, such as calcium. It also provides a natural source of glucosamine and chondroitin. It excludes turkey heads, feet and intestines.
  • Turkey Liver: Turkey liver is an excellent source of protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Veal: Veal is a high-quality source of protein that adds flavor to the diet. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Venison: Venison is a novel, high-quality protein source. Venison might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
  • Venison Meal: Venison meal is made from real venison that's cooked to remove the water and fat, leaving a dry, highly concentrated source of high-quality, highly digestible protein for lean muscles. Venison is a novel, high-quality protein source. Venison might benefit pets with sensitive skin and stomachs.
  • Vitamin A Acetate: Vitamin A acetate is a source of vitamin A, which is required for healthy vision.
  • Vitamin A Supplement: Vitamin A supplement is a source of vitamin A, which is required for healthy vision.
  • Vitamin B12 Supplement: Vitamin B12 supplement is a source of vitamin B12 activity, also known as cobalamin. It plays a role in the synthesis of protein in the body and the production of red blood cells.
  • Vitamin D3 Supplement: Vitamin D3 supplement is a source of vitamin D3 activity. It plays a role in optimizing calcium incorporation into bone and reduces calcium and phosphorus loss in urine.
  • Vitamin E Supplement: Vitamin E supplement is a source of vitamin E activity, which is an important antioxidant that protects cells from free radicals.
  • Vitamins: Vitamins are organic nutrients that are vital to pets in small amounts. Many vitamins help in the metabolic processes of the body and some act as antioxidants.
  • Water: Water is the most important nutrient for life. Water is needed for all functions of the body, and it must be consumed every day.
  • Wheat Flour: Wheat flour is finely ground meal from the milling of wheat. It consists primarily of the starch and gluten fractions. These provide an excellent source of highly digestible carbohydrates for quick energy.
  • Wheat Gluten: Wheat gluten is a protein and carbohydrate source that is made from removing most of the starch from the grain.
  • Wheat Starch: Wheat starch is a natural source of energy from the starch of wheat grain.
  • White Fish: White fish is an excellent protein source and adds flavor that pets enjoy. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Whole Brown Rice: Whole brown rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Brown rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Whole Grain Oatmeal: Whole grain oatmeal is a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
  • Whole Grain Rolled Oats: Whole grain rolled oats is a grain that provides an excellent source of dietary fiber, consisting of both insoluble and soluble fiber to support digestive health.
  • Whole Rice: Whole rice is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Rice provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Whole Wheat: Whole wheat is an easily digestible, nutrient-rich grain. Whole wheat provides balanced nutrition for your pet in the form of energy.
  • Xanthan Gum: Xanthan gum is added to thicken our sauces and gravies.
  • Yeast Culture: Yeast culture is an excellent source of protein and adds flavor to our products. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps promote strong muscles, aids in tissue repair, provides energy and helps support a healthy immune system.
  • Yucca Schidigera Extract: Yucca Schidigera Extract adds flavor to our products and aids in reducing stool odor.
  • Zinc Oxide: Zinc oxide is a source of zinc, which is a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health and wound healing.
  • Zinc Proteinate: Zinc proteinate is a source of zinc, which is chelated with amino acids to improve the bioavailability. Zinc is a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health and wound healing.
  • Zinc Sulfate: Zinc is a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health and wound healing.